Environmental Engineering

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Fränzle S, Markert B, Wünschmann S (2012), Wiley-VCH

Fränzle S, Markert B, Wünschmann S (2012)

Introduction to Environmental Engineering. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim



A really big challenge – because of requiring to somewhat predict the future – is prophylactic work against forthcoming environmental damages. Here, environmentally benign methods of production are chosen to anticipate and avoid actual environmental damages. For this aim, one must estimate the possible results and by-effects of different alternative or competing technologies to both the environment and to translating political ends – better sustainability, avoidance of public hazards, omitting some techniques or chemicals – into practical technical know-how and application in advance. 



Obviously, some of these topics are quite complex to grasp. Hence we opted rather to “narrate” things, developments and options touching issues of environmental diagnostics, therapy and prophylaxes in their respective historical context, to make you understand why people did select one technology e.g. for vehicle propulsion or another, thereby accepting environmental risks. Notwithstanding this, interested readers are fully supplied with definitions of terms and causes, formulas and tasks of comprehensive environmental technologies as they are in the third millennium so much shaped by information and communication technologies. But this is not a technocratic perspective: we also address ethical issues and juridical, political implications on national and global scales when musing what could be done to achieve a more sustainable, “greener” yet responsible and libertarian way of life.



Summary of the Book given by the Publisher
Fränzle-Markert-Wünschmann 2012.pdf
PDF-Dokument [428.7 KB]

 

Starting with comparisons from general systems sciences as well as comparative planetology, features of the three environmental compartments atmosphere, water (distinguishing fresh-, sea- and groundwaters), and soil/sediment (regolith, respectively) are analyzed in terms of a chemical reactor concept (what happens why where?), pointing out chances and limitations put thereby to environmental sanitation. Specific chemical and biophysical properties of single environmental compartments thus logically define the levers to be used by innovative cleaning and protection methods devised and corroborated by engineering- and natural sciences.

 

We finally hope you to enjoy reading this introductory textbook and get some information and the stimulus and encouragement in practically applying one or another of these possibilities we lined out.

 

Content of the book

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Definition of environmental engineering

 

History and development of environmental engineering

 

From environmental chemistry and technology to environmental engineering: Understanding and diversify anthropogenic environmental influences

 

How to determine environmental pollution

 

The Biological System of the Elements (BSE)

 

Information and communication

 

Ethical aspects

 

THE COMPARTMENTS OF THE ENVIRONMENT

 

The three environmental compartments and their mutual interactions: lessons for environmental situation analysis and technologies to be learned from comparative planetology

 

Properties of Earth's environmental compartments and options to clean them depending on it

 

A comparison among environmental compartments: phase composition, miscibility towards key reactants and contaminants, transparency and biological activity

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES

 

Criteria for innovation

 

Examples of innovative environmental technologies

 

CASE STUDIES

 

Atmosphere: Biondication and biomonitoring are innovative means for monitoring and controlling environmental situations: the case of atmospheric emission surveillance

 

Atmosphere: CO2-reduction



Soils and sediments: Phytoremediation by use of organisms

 

Soils and sediments: Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) - its chemical properties, persistence, ecological hazards and methods of removal

 

Water: Reactive walls

 

Water: Pharmaceuticals in the environment - special emphasis to Diclofenac (Voltaren) – an analgetic agent with difficult and interesting properties

 

Energy: The need for Renewable Energy

 

Appendix

Literature

Glossary

Index



Fränzle, Markert, Wünschmann (2005) Technische Umweltchemie. Ecomed, Landsberg.

German textbook on "Technical Environmental Chemistry" written by Fränzle S, Markert B and Wünschmann S (2005). In 2007 published by www.wiley-vch.de

 

Summary of the publisher:

 

Einführung und Lehrbuch zur Technischen Umweltchemie

 

Das vorliegende Buch will den Leser zu einem vertieften Verständnis von Grundlagen und Anwendungen des transdisziplinären Wissens-gebiets Technische Umweltchemie führen, indem es den Weg vom chemischen Phänomen oder Berschreibungsansatz zur umweltchemischen Anlage oder Problemlösung nachzeichnet, der in anderen Werken meist nicht einmal erwähnt ist. Daher beginnt es mit einer Darstellung der historischen und konzeptionellen Entwicklung der Umweltchemie und leitet über zu grundlegenden Fragen der Umweltkompartimente Luft, Wasser, Boden und daraus resultierenden Beeinflussungen von Lebewesen. Es folgt eine Betrachtung des Schadstoffbegriffs. Chemische Konzepte und Begriffe (Fällung, Redoxpotential, Photochemie usw.) bahnen, weil im Zusammenhang mit Umweltproblemen eingeführt und diskutiert, den Weg vom Verständnis des "bloß chemischen" Vorgangs zu dem eines Umwelt-problems bzw. seiner Behebung.


Zu den danach betrachteten physikalisch-chemischen Aspekten von Reinigungsverfahren zählen Energetik und Materialanforderungen (Reagenzien und Katalysatoren) sowie Implikationen der chemischen Kinetik in Umweltsystemen.


Das Buch wird abgerundet durch Fallstudien zu konkreten Problemstoffen (CO2 und EDTA) sowie Verfahren der Behandlung und Kartierung von Umweltbelastungen, die eine Brücke zur Praxis schlagen. Hierzu trugen zusätzliche Autoren als erfahrene Praktiker bei.



 

Team members

Prof. Dr. Bernd Markert

Dr. SimoneWünschmann

Dr. Edita Baltrėnaitė, Lithuania

Prof. Dr. Eun-Shik Kim, South Korea

Prof. Dr. Silvia De Marco, Argentina

Prof. Dr. Marinus Otte, USA

Dr. Meie Wang, China

Dr. Benno Böer, Ethiopia